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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 17 | Page No.: 3089-3103
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2011.3089.3103
Monitoring the Impacts of Drought on Land Use/Cover: A Developed Object-based Algorithm for NOAA AVHRR Time Series Data
A. Mokhtari, S.B. Mansor, A.R. Mahmud and Z.M. Helmi

Abstract:
This project was implemented on Zayandeh-Rud basin which is one of the most important and strategic regions of Iran. The main goal of the research was to monitor and evaluate the temporal land use/cover changes affected by drought episodes over a 10-year period (1992-2003). Primarily, raw weather data preparation activities were carried out to produce Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) spatial point thematic layer as a base map, then, satellite image pre-processing works applied on the remotely sensed data to generate the time series land use/cover maps. As a novel idea in this study, it developed a new object-based classification algorithm for AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) data. The model works based on the seasonal values of Normalized-difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in the study area. The algorithm was statistically compared with maximum likelihood supervised classification method. Results demonstrated an increase in overall accuracy from 74.34 to 90.07% and the Kappa index from 70.58 to 88.8%. Based on the statistical analysis results, drought had not statistically significant effect on the land use/cover changes. Therefore, there are more important factors other than natural weather drought in the study area and these could be summarized as a term of disorder on land management in the Zayandeh-Rud river basin. Results of the investigation provide a scientific tool enabling governmental land and water managers to monitor, make decision and manage the water crises due to drought upon the catchment.
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How to cite this article:

A. Mokhtari, S.B. Mansor, A.R. Mahmud and Z.M. Helmi, 2011. Monitoring the Impacts of Drought on Land Use/Cover: A Developed Object-based Algorithm for NOAA AVHRR Time Series Data. Journal of Applied Sciences, 11: 3089-3103.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2011.3089.3103

URL: http://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2011.3089.3103

 
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