of 221 species from 98 families which had documented uses in Iranian herbal-medicine
were screened for antibacterial and antifungal activity against 11 standard
bacterial strains and 3 fungal species at 20 mg mlG1. Eighty one
samples in 39 families showed antibacterial and/or antifungal activity against
at least on one of the tested microorganisms. Antimicrobial activities were
evaluated by measuring the diameter of inhibition zones in agar well diffusion
method. Dianthus coryophyllus was active against all tested G-ve and
G+ve bacteria except Micrococcus luteus. Most susceptible G-ve bacteria
were Klebsiella pneumoniae and Bordetella bronchiseptica and least
susceptible was Escherichia coli. In G+ve bacteria, most and least susceptible
were Staphylococcus aureus and Micrococcus luteus, respectively.
Plants with high antifungal activity included Alpinia officinarum,
Chrozophora verbasafalia, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Dianthus coryophyllus,
Helleborus nigra, Heracleum persicum, Myrtus communis,
Terminalia chebula and Trachysermum copticum which were effective
mostly against Candida albicans and C. utilis.
G.H. Shahidi Bonjar , S. Aghighi and A. Karimi Nik , 2004. Antibacterial and Antifungal Survey in Plants used in Indigenous Herbal-Medicine of South East Regions of Iran. Journal of Biological Sciences, 4: 405-412.
26 January, 2012
Dr. Armin Kousha: In the most of refrences and published articles the Hogweed plant (H.persicum) called as Apiaceae family not Umbelliferae family but no diferences with those families as well. just for more information