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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 900-904
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.900.904
Abiotic Transmission of Rice yellow mottle virus Through Soil and Contact Between Plants
M.D. Traore, V.S.E. Traore, A. Galzi-Pinel, D. Fargette, G. Konate, A.S. Traore and O. Traore

Abstract:
The roles of guttation fluid, irrigation water, contact between plants and transplantation into contaminated soil in the transmission of Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) were assessed. RYMV presence and infectivity were tested by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and by inoculation to susceptible rice cultivar BG90-2. The virus was readily detected in guttation fluid collected from infected rice plants. Transmission tests from this fluid led to high disease incidence (86.6%). Irrigation water collected at the base of infected plants growing in pots was less infectious, as inoculations led to disease incidences below 40%. No virus was detected and could be transmitted from field-irrigation water. Up to 44% healthy rice plants whose leaves were in contact with those of infected plants became infected but, no transmission occurred through intertwined roots. Transplantation of rice seedling into virus-contaminated soil also led to plant infection. However, virus survival in the soil decrease rapidly and infectivity was completely lost 14 days after soil contamination. Altogether, these results indicated that high planting densities of rice are likely to favour secondary spread of rice yellow mottle disease. Transplantation of rice seedlings not earlier than 2 weeks after soil preparation should prevent soil transmission of the virus. Although guttation fluid is highly infectious its contribution to virus infectivity in irrigation water is negligible as field-irrigation water was not found to be an infectious source for RYMV.
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How to cite this article:

M.D. Traore, V.S.E. Traore, A. Galzi-Pinel, D. Fargette, G. Konate, A.S. Traore and O. Traore, 2008. Abiotic Transmission of Rice yellow mottle virus Through Soil and Contact Between Plants. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 900-904.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.900.904

URL: http://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2008.900.904

 
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