The present study aims at identifying the infectious
agents responsible for child Acute Gastro-Enteritis (AGE) in Ouagadougou.
From May 5 2006 to June 22 2008, 648 children aged from 2 to 41 months,
with at least an average of 3 loose stools per day have been enrolled
for coproculture, parasitology and virology test. Among them, 34 (5.25%)
were HIV seropositive. A single sample of faeces from each child was used
to identify enteropathogens. An infectious aetiology was identified in
41.20% of cases. The pathogenic agents detected as responsible for the
AGE are: Rotavirus 21.1%; Adenovirus 1.9%; Giardia 7.6% Entamoeba;
1.08%; entero-pathogenic E. coli 41.7%; Salmonella 3.40%; Shigella
1.85% and Yersinia 1.70%. Conclusion: Therefore, these AGE etiologic agents
constitute a problem of public health in Burkina Faso. Their control for
the child would require: (1) a regular paediatric and clinical follow
up; (2) health education of the population for food hygiene; (3) and in
case of absence of HIV infection in the mother, a promotion of exclusive
breast-feeding up to the age of 4 months.
J. Simpore, D. Ouermi, D. Ilboudo, A. Kabre, B. Zeba, V. Pietra, S. Pignatelli, J.B. Nikiema, G.B. Kabre, S. Caligaris, F. Schumacher and F. Castelli, 2009. Aetiology of Acute Gastro-Enteritis in Children at Saint Camille Medical Centre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 12: 258-263.