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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 258-263
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2009.258.263
Aetiology of Acute Gastro-Enteritis in Children at Saint Camille Medical Centre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
J. Simpore, D. Ouermi, D. Ilboudo, A. Kabre, B. Zeba, V. Pietra, S. Pignatelli, J.B. Nikiema, G.B. Kabre, S. Caligaris, F. Schumacher and F. Castelli

Abstract:
The present study aims at identifying the infectious agents responsible for child Acute Gastro-Enteritis (AGE) in Ouagadougou. From May 5 2006 to June 22 2008, 648 children aged from 2 to 41 months, with at least an average of 3 loose stools per day have been enrolled for coproculture, parasitology and virology test. Among them, 34 (5.25%) were HIV seropositive. A single sample of faeces from each child was used to identify enteropathogens. An infectious aetiology was identified in 41.20% of cases. The pathogenic agents detected as responsible for the AGE are: Rotavirus 21.1%; Adenovirus 1.9%; Giardia 7.6% Entamoeba; 1.08%; entero-pathogenic E. coli 41.7%; Salmonella 3.40%; Shigella 1.85% and Yersinia 1.70%. Conclusion: Therefore, these AGE etiologic agents constitute a problem of public health in Burkina Faso. Their control for the child would require: (1) a regular paediatric and clinical follow up; (2) health education of the population for food hygiene; (3) and in case of absence of HIV infection in the mother, a promotion of exclusive breast-feeding up to the age of 4 months.
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How to cite this article:

J. Simpore, D. Ouermi, D. Ilboudo, A. Kabre, B. Zeba, V. Pietra, S. Pignatelli, J.B. Nikiema, G.B. Kabre, S. Caligaris, F. Schumacher and F. Castelli, 2009. Aetiology of Acute Gastro-Enteritis in Children at Saint Camille Medical Centre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 12: 258-263.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2009.258.263

URL: http://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2009.258.263

 
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