The present study was conducted to determine the relationship
between socio-economic factors and obesity within a population from Iran.
Male and female subjects (n=4977) aged 15-65 years, were recruited from
the Great Khorasan province of Iran using a cluster-stratified sampling
method. Demographic and socioeconomic data were collected by questionnaire.
Of the study population, 29.1% were overweight and 13.8% were obese. Being
overweight and obese was significantly more prevalent among women than
men and urban- compared to rural-dwellers. A high prevalence of overweight
and obesity was seen among individuals who were divorced or widowed and
among housewives, or individuals with poor education. Urbanization, age,
illiteracy, female gender and divorced, or widowed status were significant
predictors of obesity (p<0.001). The association of obesity with urban-dwelling
which is consistent with previous reports was also found to be the most
important determinant of obesity. The prevalence of obesity in urban residents
of Iran is high, particularly among poorly educated women. A community-based
approach using multiple strategies including appropriate education will
be required to address this problem.
Habibollah Esmaeily, Mohsen Azimi-Nezhad, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Mohammad-Reza Parizadeh, Mohammad Safarian, Mohammad-Javad Parizadeh, Bahareh Hassankhani, Elahe Salardini, Zaim-Kohan Houshang, Hossini Javad, Oladi Mohammad Reza and Gordon Ferns, 2009. Association Between Socioeconomic Factors and Obesity in Iran. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8: 53-56.