Physical properties often required for designing the
equipments for planting, harvesting and postharvesting operations of seeds.
Several physical properties of three popular wheat varieties (Shiraz,
Karoun and Shiroudy) were determined and compared for moisture content
in 8, 12 and 18% w.b in 2007 in University of Tehran. The average length,
width and thickness were 6.75, 3.26 and 2.77 mm at a moisture content
of 8% w.b., respectively. studies on rewetted wheat seeds showed that
the thousand-kernel weight increased from 18.38 to 22.43g. The geometric
and equivalent mean diameter, surface area, sphericity and aspect ratio
at a moisture content of 8% w.b were 3.93, 3.94 mm, 48.68 mm2,
0.58, 0.48, respectively. The porosity increased from 0.43 to 0.45 %.
Whereas the bulk density decreased from 0.72 to 0.66kg m-3
and the true density from 1.25 to 1.19 kg m-3, with an increasing
in the moisture content range of 8B18% w.b. The static and dynamic angle
of repose varied from 37.28 to 47.33 and 29.89 to 36.5o. The
mean of static friction coefficient of three wheat varieties increased
the linearly against surfaces of three structural materials, namely, compressed
plastic (0.43 - 0.53), galvanized iron (0.33 - 0.53) and plywood (0.35
- 0.41) as the moisture content increased from 8 to 18% w.b.
M. Karimi, K. Kheiralipour, A. Tabatabaeefar, G.M. Khoubakht, M. Naderi and K. Heidarbeigi, 2009. The Effect of Moisture Content on Physical Properties of Wheat. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8: 90-95.