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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 60-70
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2013.60.70
Prevalence of Child Malnutrition Through Their Anthropometric Indices in School Canteens of Abidjan (Côte D’ivoire)
Mathieu Nahounou Bleyere, Baudouin Angoua Kokore, Andre BrouKonan and Paul AngoueYapo

Abstract:
Malnutrition in Côte d’Ivoire is a major concern. It mainly concerns children who are most vulnerable. Its consequences dramatic are on the fate and future of this population segment. In Côte d'Ivoire, 5259 canteens exist in more than 10,009 primary schools. The main purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence of different possible malnutrition in school canteens of Abidjan. Volunteers children aged 05 to 11 years, regularly enrolled in primary schools with canteens were selected. A determination of anthropometric indices using a computer program “Epi Info” has yielded the Z scores weight for height, height for age and weight for age. With these values of Z scores, we determined and compared the different prevalence of acute malnutrition (moderate and severe), chronic malnutrition (moderate and severe) and underweight. In addition, different levels of thinness in children aged 9 to 11 years have been reported with their Body Mass Index (BMI). Furthermore, computer programs Statsoft Statistica Windows version 7.1 and R.2.0.1 version Windows were used for comparison purposes. A probability threshold of p less than 0.05 was chosen for testing significant. The prevalence of malnutrition was 5.8% for chronic malnutrition and 26.7% acute malnutrition among all children selected in our study. The results of the study showed that through the Z scores that girls are exposed to severe chronic malnutrition compared to boys. Conversely, the boys were most affected by underweight than girls. No significant difference was observed between boys and girls in the prevalence of different forms of malnutrition among these children. Moreover, girls of 10 years are most at risk of grade 3 thinness with 26.5% compared to other children. Age and municipality household size of children have been factors associated with malnutrition. The prevalence of malnutrition among children of 5 to 11 years are observed to varying degrees. They seem less important compared to children under 05 years.
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How to cite this article:

Mathieu Nahounou Bleyere, Baudouin Angoua Kokore, Andre BrouKonan and Paul AngoueYapo, 2013. Prevalence of Child Malnutrition Through Their Anthropometric Indices in School Canteens of Abidjan (Côte D’ivoire). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12: 60-70.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2013.60.70

URL: http://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2013.60.70

 
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