Knowledge of chemical composition of medicinal plants used in wound healing is desirable because many people suffering from wounds are depriving from the benefit of using their traditional medicine. Many medicinal plants are useful in the control of wound healing process in West African countries such as Cote dIvoire. This ethnopharmacological study related to some of those plants with the aim to understand and explain their traditional use for treating wounds. Six plant species were selected after ethnobotanical review and investigated with standard phytochemical screening methods. Preliminary chemical composition showed that Alstonia boonei (DC) Willd., Antiaris toxicaria Lesch., Ceiba pentandra Gaertn., Ficus exasperata Vahl., Periploca nigrescens Afzel and Tiliacora dinklagei Engl. contain polysaccharides, mucilages, flavonoids, tannins and alkaloids. These metabolites are known for their wound healing effects. Phytochemicals of these 6 plants justifies their traditional use in West Africa for the treatment of wounds. The presence of polysaccharides highlighted the great interest of studied plants which could be used to develop and formulate improved traditional medicines in the form of ointments for topical application.
W.M. Kone, A. Azokou, A. Bakayoko and F.H. Tra Bi, 2012. Preliminary Study on Polysaccharides and Certain Secondary Metabolites of Medicinal Plants used in Cote DIvoire for Wound Healing. Research Journal of Medicinal Plant, 6: 214-224.