Melanoma is one of the most aggressive cancers of all solid tumors. The effect of angiotensin II on expression of three Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) in B16F10 melanoma cells was evaluated. Also the blocking effect of losartan on angiotensin II induced effects was assessed. B16F10 murine melanoma cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium supplemented with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS) and 24 h prior to experiment the serum free medium was used. Angiotensin II (0 M, 10-10 M, 10-9 M or 10-8 M) alone or in combination with Losartan (10-6M) in RPMI-1640 replaced the medium for experiments. After the incubation time (0, 1, 2, 6 and 12 h) cells were harvested using 0.05% (w/v) Trypsin and then recovered by centrifugation. The expression of MMP-2, MMP-13, MMP-9 and VEGF in B16F10 cell lysate was assessed by immunoblotting. Angiotensin II significantly enhanced the expression of MMP-2, MMP-13 and VEGF by concentrations as low as 0.1 nM. But angiotensin II could not stimulate any significant increase in MMP-9 expression by angiotensin II in B16F10 cells. Losartan abolished the enhancing effect of every concentration of angiotensin II on MMP-2, MMP-13 and VEGF expression completely and in all incubation times. As a result, angiotensin II through activation of AT1 receptors can stimulate the expression of MMP-2, MMP-13 and VEGF in B16F10 melanoma cells. This is an important conclusion because of the importance of these factors in melanoma invasiveness and the possible important role that angiotensin receptor blockers may play as cancer medications.
Maziar M. Akhavan, Mona Karimi, Maryam Ghodrati and Hamidreza Falahtpishe, 2011. AT1 Receptors Activation Enhances the Expression of MMP-2, MMP-13 and VEGF but not MMP-9 in B16F10 Melanoma Cells. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 14: 821-830.