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American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Year: 2011  |  Volume: 1  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 1 - 19

Advances in Micropropagation of Selected Aromatic Plants: A Review on Vanilla and Strawberry

S. Gantait, N. Mandal and S. Nandy    

Abstract: Aromatic plants have been used commercially as spices, natural flavor, raw material for essential-oil industry and other medicinal purpose. Tropical and sub-tropical Asia are rich in the number of aromatic plant species due to their suitable ecological conditions. Micropropagation has superiority over conventional method of propagation because of high multiplication rate but, field performance of these tissue cultured plants depends on the selection of the initial material, media composition, growth regulators, cultivar and environmental factors. Some well developed in vitro techniques are currently available to help growers for meet the demand of the spices and pharmaceutical industry. Identification of somatic clones of plants derived through tissue culture can facilitate commercially viable in vitro propagation for medicinal and aromatic plants. An overview of the regeneration of aromatic plants by in vitro organogenesis from various types of explants is presented in this review article.

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