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Articles by Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
Total Records ( 34 ) for Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  Mas Ernawati Hamdan , Norsida Man , Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main purpose of this study is to discuss the sensitivity of farmers living in the Cameron Highlands towards the changing climate. This is a qualitative study in which a focus group discussion was conducted by 4 researchers from Universiti Putra Malaysia with 4 farmers from the Cameron Highlands, Pahang. The Cameron Highlands is one of the main agricultural areas and tourist attractions in Malaysia. However in recent years, the changing climate has brought threats to the environment, ecology and agricultural products, thereby negatively affecting socio-economic aspects relating to farmersin the area. From the analysis performed, it can be confirmed that Cameron Highlands farmers have realized that environmental changes are occurring in the region and also recognize the disastrous impacts that the changing climate is having on their agricultural activities. Based on the findings, it is recommended that the appropriate parties strictly monitor and observe any illegal environment-related activities.
  Md. Salleh Hassan , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Bahaman Abu Samah , Muhamad Sham Shahkat Ali and Nor Sabila Ramli
  Problem statement: Without doubt, it is important to expose and educate farmers with the current and updated agriculture information. To implement this, the related agriculture agencies in Malaysia should consider the best channels for them in spreading the needed valuable agriculture information to the farmers. The question that can be raised now, can the mass media be the right channel for agriculture information dissemination and is the mass media has been utilized in disseminating the agriculture information to the farmers. Approach: This is a conceptual study discussing the usage of mass media in disseminating agriculture information. The data of this study are gained through literature analysis and document analysis. The data is presented descriptively. Results: Based on the analyses done, it was found that majority of Malaysian nowadays can afford to own their own mass media such as television, radio and internet. The number of available television channels, radio channels and newspapers either free or paid are encouraging. Currently, there are three television agriculture programs aired on RTM, while currently there are five agriculture radio programs aired on local radio stations, one program aired on Klasik National FM and the other four programs aired on four different states FM. For newspapers, there are two daily newspapers that provide agriculture information to their readers namely Utusan Malaysia and Berita Harian. Based on the data gained, usage of internet especially on website surfing must be encouraged among the farmers. Mobile web system initiated by five agriculture agencies in Malaysia is seen as a wise step for information dissemination and information sharing. Conclusion: Even though mass media in Malaysia has played its’ role in disseminating agriculture information, the number of programs and spaces produced and provided can be doubled, hence it is recommended that local giant agriculture based companies can play their role in providing more fund or sponsorship in producing more agriculture programs for the farmers.
  Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Jegak Uli and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Contract farming is one of the agriculture branches that is ready to be discovered for its huge potential and it is perceived as a new dimension which offers agricultural sustainability. But do the youth as the pillar of this sector do accept agriculture? Thus, this study would like to discover factors that affect acceptance of youth towards contract farming in Malaysia. Approach: This is a quantitative study using a survey form. Data was gathered from 400 undergraduates studying in various tertiary institutions and were analyzed using the PASW software. The data collection process took two months to be completed. Results: Results depict that the respondents studied have a high and positive acceptance towards contract farming. Based on the analysis performed, factors of attitude, knowledge and belief are significant predictors of acceptance towards contract farming. Conclusion/Recommendations: It is believed that the findings of this study would add new perspective on understanding the complexities associated with agricultural sustainability among youth. Results gained provide a sign for policy makers to utilize education as a tool to increase youths’ positive attitude towards farming. Based on the results it is recommended that more specific courses related to contract farming can be exposed at the tertiary level in order to enhance youth’s awareness and acceptance towards contract farming. Eventually, this would set the direction into getting more youth to be involved in innovative farming activities and in the end it would make agriculture to be attractive and maintain its sustainability.
  Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Norsida Man , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Agriculture for numerous years has been a source of income generator that offered wide opportunities for employment and enhancing the socio-economic status of mankind in many countries. Without doubt acceptance of agricultural sustainable practices will bring much benefit to the farming community especially in the long run to overcome the scarcity of resources and continuous income. Aim of this study was to determine contract farming entrepreneurs’ acceptance of sustainable agricultural practices and the issues involved in their level of acceptance. Approach: This is a qualitative study and the data was collected from a focus group discussion on seven contract farming entrepreneurs in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. The researchers played the role as the instrument during the data collection process and an interview guide assisted researchers to obtain objectives of the study. Data obtained from the respondents was recorded and eventually transformed into verbatim transcripts for the process of data analysis. Results: It was identified that contract farming entrepreneurs have a sound knowledge on sustainable agricultural practices and they belief it is vital for mankind. However, their level of acceptance is still not significant as they perceive that they still need much support from the relevant agriculture agencies. Conclusion/Recommendation: It is suggested that all concerned parties should make the necessary sacrifices and put in more effort in ensuring that contract farming entrepreneurs will eventually embrace sustainable agricultural practices that will bring benefit to the present and future generations.
  Musa Abu Hassan , Bahaman Abu Samah , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  Problem statement: Rural development through ICT has been the focus of the Malaysian government. ICT is an important tool nowadays and in order to be a developed community, the community especially those in the rural areas must use it wisely. Besides the numerous benefits offered by the ICT, it would be helpful to know whether the rural community especially their leaders which are the Village Development and Security Committee (JKKK) members use ICT or not. Approach: This is a quantitative study and the respondents were selected based on the simple random sampling. A total of 240 JKKK members from four states in Peninsular Malaysia were selected as the respondents. A questionnaire was used to gather the data needed. Results: Results obtained revealed that their attitude towards ICT usage was moderate. Further analyses using Independent t-test and ANOVA have identified that the factor of position held and level of education have significant difference with attitude towards ICT usage. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation performed have confirmed that the factors of period of using a computer in a week, period of using internet in a week and income per month have a positive and significant relationship with attitude towards ICT usage. On the other hand, the factors of period of staying in the Village Vision Movement and age have a negative and significant relationship with attitude towards ICT usage. Conclusion/Recommendation: It is recommended that ICT seminars and courses can be conducted to expose and train the JKKK members to be more competent in using ICT. Increasing the number of ICT centers in the community would provide more opportunity for JKKK members to learn more about ICT. These recommendations should be targeted to JKKK members in the lower management level, lower education, lower income, elderly and members who do not use computer and internet.
  Sulaiman M. Yassin , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Md. Salleh Hassan , Mohd. Shahwahid Othman , Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Malaysia has achieved a number of successes in its transportation development. The success of Kuala Lumpur International Airport and Northern and Southern Highway project for example have given the community a lot of benefits in term of social and economic development, but what if an inland waterway system can be developed in Malaysia especially along the Pahang River and Muar River. Can this proposed waterway bring significant impact to local people in term of their social and economic development? This has become the main objective of this study which is to investigate whether the future Pahang Muar Waterway could have significant socio-economic impact on the local community or not. Approach: This is a qualitative study. Observations, structured and unstructured in-depth interview and literature analysis were used to gain the data needed and the research team had traversed along these rivers (Muar to Bahau and ended in Pekan). For the in-depth interviews, a total of seventeen informants among the public and government officers were selected. Data from the in-depth interviews were transcribed verbatim and subsequently analyzed by identifying similarities and consistent themes. A constant comparative method was employed in order to uncover patterns in the data. The data in this study is presented descriptively. Results: From the observation, interviews and literature analysis done, it can be concluded that the Pahang Muar Waterways is believed to develop economic activities, recreational activities, tourism industry, enhance the socio-economic life of local community and provide sustainable mobility. Conclusion/Recommendations: From the results gained, it can be concluded that a majority of the community interviewed believed that Pahang Muar waterways offer a vast opportunity for social and economic development for the local community. It can be noted that specific planning on constructing the inland waterways should be started by the local authorities. It is recommended that specific studies on the feasibility of inland waterways in Malaysia in term of technicality, environmental impact, social development and economic development should be initiated.
  Bahaman Abu Samah , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Jegak Uli
  Problem statement: The government’s effort in enhancing agriculture productivity cannot be argued. The introduction of contract farming is one of the ways. Contract farming includes a number of new agriculture activities such as leech rearing, worm rearing, vanilla farming, herbs, catfish and many more. However, is the youth who are the pillar of this industry have a positive attitude towards it? This was the main objective of this study, to investigate the attitude of Malaysian agriculture institution students toward contract farming and factors that affect it. Approach: This was a quantitative study and data was gathered through a survey questionnaire. A total of 194 respondents from two main agriculture learning institutions in Malaysia were selected through a simple random sampling. The data collection took almost two months to be completed. Results: As expected, the study revealed that the Malaysian agriculture institution students have a high level of attitude towards contract farming. Further analysis through multiple regression analysis informed us that three factors which are acceptance, support and knowledge are significant predictors of youths’ attitude towards contract farming. Conclusion: In order to enhance the attitude of youth towards contract farming, exposure to contract farming among the youth should be doubled and a specific course on contract farming can be introduced. Besides, establishing contract farming youth club can be introduced.
  Mahazan Muhammad , Azimi Hamzah , Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Bahaman Abu Samah , Neda Tiraieyari , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main attempt of this study is to explore the socio-economic impacts of agro-tourism activity of fishing communities in Malaysia. As many studies with regard to tourism are placing their focus on tourism in general, less has been placed on agro-tourism and the expected findings from this study can fill the existing gap. This is a quantitative study where data were gained through developed questionnaires. A total of 880 respondents from eight Desa Wawasan Nelayan villages had been selected randomly. Findings have confirmed that agro-tourism activities were able to increase villagers’ income, provide employment opportunities and increase demand for local products. Albeit its advantages were economic, it can be concluded that agro-tourism activities embolden healthy relationships within the community while at the same time uplifting their quality of life.
  Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Mohd Shahwahid Othman
  This study attempts to discover the sustainable livelihood among the Cambodian migrants who operate the aquaculture industry in Pekan, Pahang. This study is qualitative in nature, based on a focus group discussion conducted among selected Cambodian migrants in Pulau Keladi Baru village in Pekan. The questions included within the interview protocol were largely based on the Pentagon developed by the department for international development. The Pentagon is a framework for sustainable livelihood based on five main capitals, namely human capital, social capital, financial capital, natural capital and physical capital. The data obtained were later transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis.
  Jusang Bolong , Siti Zobidah Omar , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Musa Abu Hassan
  As been profited by other industries, the evolution on ICTs has raised its impacts on the fisheries industries. Realizing the impacts, there is abundance of international studies that try to seek the association between ICTs usage and fishermen income. Nonetheless, reverse situation is found in Malaysia where there are still few local studies that place their interest on such association and the main attempt of this study is to investigate the relationship and the contribution of ICT usage towards fishermen income in Malaysia. This is quantitative study where questionnaire was used to gather the required data. A total of 400 registered fishermen from four fisheries districts in Malaysia have been randomly selected as the respondents. Based on the analysis employed, it can be seen that usage of sonar, echo sounder and radar are related to the fishermen income. In addition, further analysis has confirmed that these three tools are contributing towards fishermen income. To encourage ICTs usage among fishermen, it is recommended that the fishermen should be provided with ICT seminars and courses, supports such as financial, accessibility and services. Apart from this, selected behavioral factors should be taken into consideration while implementing strategies with regard to fishermen ICT usage.
  Raidah Mazuki , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Musa Abu Hassan and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The focus of this study is to examine whether socio-economic factors (age, income per month, level of education, days spent at sea, fishermen category and experience as a fisherman) influence behavioral intention regarding the usage of mobile phones among fishermen in Pangkor Island. A total of 250 questionnaires were given to fishermen on the island. For the purposes of analyses, descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage and mean were employed. Further analysis using independent t-test and Pearson product moment correlation were also performed to determine any significant differences and relationships arising. The results confirm that fishermen in Pangkor Island have favorable behavioral intentions towards mobile phone usage. Further analysis reveals that fishermen with different levels of education possess different behavioral intentions towards mobile phone usage. It can be noted that the factors of age and days spent at sea recorded significant and negative relationships with behavioral intention towards mobile phone usage. A number of discussions are conducted and these can be used by students, researchers and government officers for further studies within the field.
  Siti Aisyah Ramli , Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Khairuddin Idris , Azimi Hamzah , Bahaman Abu Samah , Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  Quality of Life (QOL) is encompassed in people’s satisfaction with regards to various aspects of their existence. Many QOL studies have been pursued worldwide and some of these are focused upon the rural community. This study aims to investigate the QOL of the riverside community living in Bahau which is an area in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. This is a quantitative study in which a total of 300 villagers that live near to Muar and serting rivers were chosen as the respondents. The survey method was employed to obtain the data while SPSS was performed to run suitable and relevant analyses. Generally, the analyses confirm that rural communities living near to Muar and Serting rivers in Bahau have a moderate QOL. Specifically, the respondents were found to have a better QOL in terms of their home conditions but not with respect to infrastructure facilities. A number of discussions and recommendations are put forward in this study and it is hoped that these can be used by concerned parties for the development of Bahau.
  Zeinab Zaremohzzabieh , Bahaman Abu Samah , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  This study used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) design, in which 400 Malaysia fishermen from the four fishery districts namely Langkawi Island, Besut, Larut-Matang and Mersing were administered to explore the factors that influence their acceptance of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) integration in Malaysia. The aim of this study was twofold: The primary purposes was to test the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) including performance expectancy (PE), effort expectancy (EE), social influence (SI) and facilitating conditions (FC) in the prediction of behavioral intention to use ICTs among Malaysia fishermen. Second, explore the moderating effects of age and experience linked between predictors and behavioral intention based on multi-group analysis. The findings of this study clearly show the model accounts for almost 25% of the variance in user intentions, with FC, PE and EE surfacing only as the key determinants for their behavioural intentions of ICT usage. In an additional analysis revealed that age significantly moderates purposed relationship between the overall UTAUT constructs and behavioral intention while the moderating effect of experience was only established in PE and EE. Finally, the result suggests support for the application of the model in studying the acceptance of ICT in fishing communities. The factors were found to be significant in this study should be taken into account in the implementation of ICT projects and another validation of the ICTs research model in similar research institutions in Malaysia is advised.
  Siti Zobidah Omar , Nizam Osman , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main aim of this study is to identify the individual factors that might impinge young (aged between 15-40 years old) fishermen’s readiness to use Global Positioning Systems (GPS) at sea. The study was quantitative in nature and via a multi-stage simple-random sampling, a total of 240 young fishermen from four selected fishing districts have been selected as the respondents. In general, the young fishermen were moderately ready to use the GPS at sea. The inferential analyses performed have confirmed that the factors of education level and catchment area have recorded significant difference with readiness for GPS usage while factors of age and number of crew members have recorded a positive and significant relationship with readiness for GPS usage. A number of recommendations have been discussed and it is hoped that such recommendations will assist the relevant parties in developing strategies to enhance usage of fishing technologies among fishermen in Malaysia-particularly the younger ones.
  Raidah Mazuki , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  Rural library in Malaysia is purposively built to combat illiteracy and enhance knowledge possesion among the rural community which is important in order for them to cope with the demand of globalization. The source of the library information is expected to change the lifestyle of the local community. This conceptual study suggests the potential impingement factors for reading habits at the rural library in Malaysia. Based on the document analyses performed, various potential factors that impinge the reading habits at the rural library are identified namely place and the building, adequacy of tools and the librarian. A number of discussion have been placed and it is a hope, such discussion can assist to further cultivate reading habits among the community particularly among those who settle in the rural areas.
  Jusang Bolong , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main attempt of this study is to identify the social influence among the youth that might impinge them to go and use the rural library services offered at their areas. This was a quantitative study where a developed questionnaire was used in the data collection process. The study was conducted at Johor, Terengganu, Kedah and Perak and involves a total of 400 rural youth aged between 15-40 years old. The analysis performed that all of the social sources listed recorded a high level of mean score whereby good communication with rural library staffs recorded the highest mean score while encouragement from village leaders recorded the lowest mean score. A number of recommendations were placed and hoped that such recommendations can assist the concerned parties in constructing strategic planning for rural library development.
  Md. Salleh Hassan , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Bahaman Abu Samah , Mohamad Sham Shahkat Ali and Nor Sabila Ramli
  Problem statement: One of the developing sectors in Malaysia is agriculture. Agriculture doubtlessly has assisted this country in terms of enhancing the economic level, offering a huge number of employment opportunities and uplifting the socio-economy status of the community. To ensure the sustainability of this sector to the country, we must ensure that the valuable agriculture information is continuously provided to the public and the information must be disseminated through the most effective channel. Here, television can be the mean channel. Approach: This study aimed to investigate the issues raised and problems faced by the Malaysian agriculture television program producers in producing the television agriculture programs. Data was collected using an in-depth interview among three agriculture television producers in Malaysia. The questions served as a guide, but allowed respondents freedom and flexibility in their answers. The findings were in the form of descriptive analysis. Results: Based on the analysis done, it can be concluded that the cooperation between Radio Television Malaysia and Department of Agriculture Malaysia is important to ensure the success and continuity of the agriculture programs. It was found that the agriculture programs were evaluated internally by the Radio Television Malaysia auditor and externally by AGB Nielsen. The producers also received feedback from their local and foreign audience in the form of e-mail and telephone. Human resource, transportation and financial are the main problems that need to be overcome by the producers. Conclusion/Recommendations: It is suggested that other media organizations and giant agriculture companies can join RTM in producing agriculture programs. This can aid RTM in producing more innovative agriculture programs and can attract the youth to watch the program.
  Jegak Uli , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Agriculture sector in Malaysia has been intensified through the Eight and Ninth Malaysian Plan. In order to further develop this sector, contract farming activities such as leech rearing, worm rearing, herbs and mushroom have been introduced to the community. But do the communities especially the youth have a positive acceptance towards this activity? Approach: This was a quantitative study. The respondents were among two agriculture learning institutions in Malaysia. From a simple random sampling, a total of 194 respondents were selected. The data collection took two months to be completed. Results: From the multiple linear regression employed, it can be concluded that attitude, belief and knowledge are the significant contributor for acceptance towards contract farming. Conclusion/Recommendation: It is recommended that more studies can be conducted to inspect the complexities related with youths participation in contract farming and special attention should be highlighted to identify what universities can do in strategizing specific agricultural courses that would motivate youth to possess a better acceptance towards contract farming.
  Siti Aisyah Bt Ramli , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrance D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main aim of this study is to discover the behavioral intentions of Malaysian fishermen towards ICT usage in their fishing operations. This is a quantitative study in which data was collected from a total of 400 respondents from four fisheries districts in Malaysia. The results demonstrate that fishermen in Malaysia have a positive behavioral intention towards ICT usage based on the moderate mean score recorded by all seven statements used. The suggestions made are expected to provide ideas to stakeholders regarding planning effective strategies by which to embolden more fishermen to use ICT in their fishing routines.
  Siti Aisyah Ramli , Siti Zobidah Omar , Bahaman Abu Samah , Jusang Bolong , Md. Salleh Hassan and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The aim of this study is to identify the impingement factors of perceived usefulness towards ICT usage among rural youth in Malaysia. This is a quantitative research whereby via a simple random sampling, a total of 400 respondents age between 17-40 years were selected. The analysis performed has confirmed that only educational achievement has significant results with perceived usefulness while the other factors such as occupation, states, gender, income and number of household members did not record any significant relationship or difference. With the identified impingement factors, it is a hope that it can assist the concern parties in assisting the development of rural youth particularly with regard to their ICT usage.
  Md. Salleh Hassan , Mohd Nizam Osman , Norsabila Ramli and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The present study attempts to fulfill two main objectives: To identify the purposes of mobile phone usage among youth in Malaysia and to examine the problems they face with mobile phone usage. This is a quantitative study which used a developed questionnaire to collect the data. Although, the findings represent preliminary data for the actual study to be conducted, they offer an early picture on how youths use mobile phones and what problems they face in relation to this. The analyses performed show that youths use mobile phones primarily to contact their families and for emergency purposes while fast changes in terms of mobile phone models were cited among the main problem faced in using mobile phones.
  Siti Zobidah Omar , Nizam Osman , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main attempt of this study is to investigate the problems associated with the use by young fishermen in Malaysia of the Global Positioning System (GPS). This study is quantitative in nature and involved a total of 240 respondents who were young fishermen aged between 15 and 40 years. Individuals financial capacity to buy GPS was the main problem detected while the respondents also raised their concerns about a lack of GPS training programs, courses, seminars and promotional initiatives to further encourage the use of GPS within their fishing operations. The main recommendation made was to provide a technology subsidy to those who show an interest in buying GPS while additional funding should be allocated by the relevant parties to hold any programs, seminars, courses or promotional initiatives that can further encourage young fishermen in Malaysia to use advanced technology in their fishing operations.
  Zaim Fahmi Mohamed Yusof , Nurani Kamaruddin , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main purpose of this study is to determine Malaysian coastal communities gratification towards weather information via television. The study was a quantitative study where a developed instrument was used as the main data collection tool. Through, multi-stage simple random sampling, a total of 210 coastal villagers from 3 coastal areas in Malaysia were selected as the respondents. The findings demonstrate that there was a gap between the weather information received and the weather information needed by the respondents, as well as a gap between the weather information received and the weather information believed. A number of discussions are highlighted in this study in the hope that they can assist the appropriate parties in generating the best strategy for information sharing and dissemination processes among the coastal communities.
  Bahaman Abu Samah , Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah , Md. Salleh Hassan , Mohd Shahwahid Othman and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  This study attempts to identify the relationship of the rural youth with Pahang and Muar Rivers. This is a quantitative study and used developed questionnaire for collecting its data. A total of 165 rural youth settled along Pahang and Muar Rivers have been selected as the respondents. Findings have confirmed that a majority of rural youth still needs the rivers for their recreational activities while a small portion of them still rely on the river for their additional income. The rural youth have demonstrated a high level of agreement on river development as it offers them benefits with regard to locals’ development, environmental awareness, social bonding and transportation. Further, analysis performed have confirmed that factor of state have recorded significant difference with agreement towards river development while the factor of distance to the nearest city have recorded a positive and significant relationship with agreement towards river development. A number of discussions have been placed and it is a hope that such discussion will assist in any planning of developing Pahang and Muar Rivers.
  Khairuddin Idris , Raidah Mazuki , Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Azimi Hamzah , Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah , Bahaman Abu Samah and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main attempt of this study is to identify the factors that impinge the quality of life among community who reside near to Tembeling, Pahang and Muar Rivers. This is a quantitative study where a developed questionnaire was used to collect the data. A total of 240 questionnaires were distributed to the selected respondents in 4 places which is Kg. Jorak (Johore), Kg. Bantal (Pahang), Kg. Gintong (Pahang) and Kg. Langkap (Negeri Sembilan). Although, there is a number of factors that can impinge the quality of life, however within the scope of this study, it focuses on 5 factors that have the potential to influence the quality of life to this community, namely; age, income, period of staying, distance to the nearest river and distance to the nearest city. Analyses performed have confirmed that factors of level of education and areas have significant difference with quality of life while factor of income was detected to have significant relationship with quality of life. A number of discussions have been placed and it is hope that such discussion could assist the relevant parties in constructing concrete strategies to further, uplift the quality of life of the community particularly those who reside near to the river.
  Nor Sabila Ramli , Md. Salleh Hassan , Nizam Osman and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main attempt of this study is to explore the views of youth on internet and mobile phone particularly on the benefits these technologies usage and the problems that emerged from such usage. This is a qualitative study whereby data were gained based on 2 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs). The FGDs were conducted among 2 groups of students of Faculty Modern Language and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia. Thematic analysis employed have confirmed most of the youth use both technologies to fulfill their needs on socializing and information and entertainment seeking. In addition to this, some of the youth place their concern on the problem of technology addiction which might worsen if preventive actions are being ignored. A number of discussions and recommendations have been highlighted and expectantly it can assist the concern parties in constructing strategy to further improve internet and mobile phone usage among youth in Malaysia.
  Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Azimi Hamzah , Bahaman Abu Samah , Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah , Khairuddin Idris , Nurani Kamarudin and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  This study attempts to examine the rural youth sustainable livelihood phenomena in Malaysia. The results presented in the present study were the preliminary data which gained through the pre-test process. The pre-test was conducted among 30 rural youths in Kuala Besut, Terengganu. Out of 6 capitals studied, 3 of them recorded high levels of mean scores while the other 3 capitals recorded a moderate level of mean scores. The human capital recorded the highest mean score, however yet the strength possessed in human capital cannot assist them to strengthen their financial capital as this capital recorded the lowest mean score. Though results discussed only demonstrate the preliminary findings, however yet the results are expected to portray a possible prediction of what actual data would be.
  Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah , Sulaiman Yassin , Khairuddin Idris , Bahaman Abu Samah , Azimi Hamzah and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  This quantitative study attempts to determine, the Human Development Index (HDI) level of river communities in Malaysia. A total of 240 respondents were selected from 4 villages located near to Tembeling, Pahang and Muar Rivers. The analysis confirms that the HDI level of the respondents studied is low; however respondents in Gintong recorded a moderate-level HDI compared to other 3 areas which recorded low HDI values. Furthermore, there is a significant difference in terms of HDI between the 4 areas studied. Several strategies are suggested by which to further enhance the HDI of local communities, particularly those who reside near to rivers.
  Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  This study attempts to determine the patterns of Wireless Village Internet services among rural communities in Malaysia. This quantitative study used a developed questionnaire as the main data-collection instrument. A total of 400 villagers from the four districts in Malaysia were selected as the respondents. The analysis reveals that most of the respondents are new users of the service; however, most of them are considered heavy users. Understandably, the respondents use wireless village services for three main purposes, namely web surfing, seeking the latest information (politics, crime, sports, current issues) and social media. A number of discussion points are highlighted and it is hoped that this will act as a basis for strategy development among concerned parties so as to further enhance the quality of wireless village services.
  Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah , Azimi Hamzah , Khairuddin Idris and Bahaman Abu Samah
  The main aim of the present study is to identify the factors impinging the human capital of rural youth in Malaysia. The study is quantitative in nature whereby a developed questionnaire was used to collect the required data. Via a multi-stage cluster sampling, a total of 240 rural youth from four districts in Peninsular Malaysia had been selected as the respondents. Analysis performed confirmed that rural youth possessed a high level of human capital while specific analysis confirmed that there was a significant difference on human capital with the factor of occupation while significant relationship was detected between human capital and the factors of age and income. Several discussions have been highlighted and expectantly it can offer some ideas to the concerned parties in constructing strategies to further enhance the development of human capital among rural youth in Malaysia.
  Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Samsul Farid Shamsuddin , Raidah Mazuki and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The present study aims to identify the quality of the rural library service in Malaysia. The study is qualitative in nature whereby the data were gathered via three focus group discussions. In general, the data reflect that the majority of rural library services are delivered to the rural community to a high quality. Nevertheless, there are some issues such as a lack of updated educational materials, internet connection and signage as well as lack of interests among young users that need to be taken into consideration. A number of discussions have been highlighted which it is hoped will assist those concerned in constructing strategies to further enhance the quality and effectiveness of Malaysia’s rural library services.
  Mahazan Muhammad , Azimi Hamzah , Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Bahaman Abu Samah , Neda Tiraieyari , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  Tourism industry was growing rapidly in Malaysia and has been important contributor to the economy. Many types of tourism industry have been created in Malaysia since it has a unique culture and natural beauty as a tourist attraction. Agro-tourism in coastal villages is one of the new product of tourism to stimulate economic growth in rural community especially among fishermen community. This type of agro-tourism use the environment for tourism resources. Hence, this study is concerned with the environmental impacts of agro-tourism activities in coastal villages listed as Desa Wawasan Nelayan in Malaysia. This is a quantitative study where data were gained through developed questionnaires. Sampling was conducted in 10 fishermen villages in peninsular Malaysia. Finding in this study indicates that the environments of the coastal community in fishermen villages are still natural, protected and not be a negative issue due to the deterioration of agro-tourism program.
  Samsul Farid Samsuddin , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Raidah Marzuki
  This study aims to identify the pattern of rural library usage among rural youth in Malaysia. Data for the study were collected via questionnaires and based on a multi-stage cluster sampling, a total of 400 villagers from four districts in Malaysia was selected as the respondents. The analysis performed confirms that the majority of rural library visitors were mainly students and housewives and it was discovered that the internet services offered by the rural libraries were fully utilised by rural youth. Based on the results, it was be concluded that the rural library remains relevant to the rural communities for local development and could ensue as a centre for lifelong learning. It was the researcher’s hope that this study could assist the concerned parties in their decision making whether to upgrade or maintain the rural libraries for the purpose of future community development and continue to contribute to the the local communities.
  Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah , Mas Ernawati Hamdan , Bahaman Abu Samah , Azimi Hamzah and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  This study aims to compare the adaptation ability between the East and the West coast small scale fishermen in Peninsular Malaysia. This study is quantitative in nature whereby via a multi-stage cluster sampling, a total of 200 small scale fishermen had been selected as the respondents. The resulted analysis had confirmed that the adaptation ability are different between the East and the West coast small scale fishermen in Malaysia. Having this study offer responsible agencies opportunities to understand the adaptive ability of the fishermen, especially with regard to practice ability without putting aside their cognition and the structure abilities.
 
 
 
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