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International Journal of Agricultural Research
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 2  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 92 - 96

Agronomic and Physio-Chemical Evaluation of FHIA-21 in Ghana

B.M. Dzomeku, R.K. Bam, E. Adu-Kwarteng, S.K. Darkey and A.A. Ankomah    

Abstract: The agronomic evaluation of FHIA-21 was conducted at three locations in the semi-deciduous forest region of Ghana. The physio-chemical composition of the green stages of the fruits was also determined. Pulp and peel colours were measured with a Chromatometer (Minolta). Results indicated that the hybrid was very tolerant to the black Sigatoka disease with high number of functional leaves at flowering and at harvest. The crop cycle was comparable to the False Horn plantains. The yield performance of the hybrid was high ranging from 34 and 38 t ha-1 across the locations. The yield values have been stable over the three-year study period. In addition, the FHIA hybrid plants were relatively short. The physio-chemical composition results showed that the hybrid had high fat (1.94%) and water (60%) contents. The potassium content was also high (1060 mg/100 g dry weight) however the iron content (0.45%/100 g dry weight) was low. The high potassium level in the hybrid may be an advantage for use as a therapy. FHIA-21 had bright orange pulp colour which was indicative of the presence of provitamins and carotenoids.

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