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Articles by Imran Rashid Rajput
Total Records ( 3 ) for Imran Rashid Rajput
  Wei Fen Li , Imran Rashid Rajput , Xin Xu , Ya Li Li , Jian Lei , Qin Huang and Min Qi Wang
  The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of probiotic supplementation (Bacillus subtilis) in diet on performance, blood properties and microflora of Shaoxing duck. A population of 200 laying ducks (160 days old) was divided into two groups each having five replications. The control (T0) were fed on basal diet while T1 with Bacillus subtilis 1 x 108 CFU/kg in addition to basal diet for thirty five days. The results showed that for T1 group, the egg laying rate increased (3.79%) significantly, while a decrease of about 12.60%, 23.52% and 40.14% was observed in egg triglyceride, total cholesterol and malondialdehyde, respectively. However, the blood glucose content and alkaline phosphatase activity increased by 15.13% and 53.41%, significantly. Moreover, there was a decrease of blood cholesterol, uric acid and ammonia in T1 by 28.86%, 22.39% and 62.5%, respectively. As compared to T0, T1 showed a significant increased in the amount of caecal microflora, i.e. general aerobic bacteria (18.68%) and Lactobacillus (9.92%). In conclusion, supplementation of Bacillus subtilis in diets had significant effects on some aspects of egg composition, biochemical properties of blood and few microflora of Shaoxing ducks.
  Imran Rashid Rajput , M. Khaskheli , A.H. Soomro , N. Rajput and G.B. Khaskheli
  The present study was carried out to enumerate the thermoduric and thermophilic spores in commercial repacked milk powder. A total of 30 dried milk powders, 10 each of Skim Milk Powder (SMP), Semi Skim Milk Powder (SSMP) and Full Cream Milk Powder (FCMP) purchased from market of Hyderabad, Sindh were evaluated for microbiological quality characteristics of Thermoduric Count (TDC) and Thermophilic Spore Count (TPSC). Thermoduric count, (5.15x102±2.6x101cfu/g) was significantly (p<0.05) higher in FCMP compared to SMP 2.7x102±4.7x101 and SSMP 1.6x102±3.1x101. TPS count enumerated from FCMP (8.68x102±4.1x101cfu/g) and SSMP (7.75x102±1.74x101) were relatively similar (p<0.05), but significantly different (p<0.05) from SMP (4.06x102±5.9x101cfu/g). The overall average count of TD, (3.17x102±3.7x101cfu/g), TPS (6.83x102±7.3x101), were detected higher (3.7 folds), (6.83 folds), (18.4 folds) compared to ISI standard respectively. Although, TPS indicates the unhygienic condition of dried milk powders with higher risk level for human health. While TD count appeared in higher concentration level may reveal significant influence on the quality of the final product.
  Imran Rashid Rajput , M. Khaskheli , S. Rao , S.A. Fazlani , Q.A. Shah and G.B. Khaskheli
  Study was carried out to examine the microbiological quality of Infant formula milk powder. Total 60 of dried milk powders, 20 each of Group A (1-6), B (7-12) and C (13-18 months). Infant formula milk powders were purchased from Hyderabad, Sindh and evaluated for microbiological examination, like Total Viable Count (TVC), Enterobacteriaceae Count (EbC) and Yeasts and Moulds Count (YMC). Total viable count, (3.4x103±5.0x102cfu/g) were significantly higher than thermoduric count, (<10±2.3x101cfu/g) Thermophilic spores (1.4x10 ±2.4x101 cfu/g) Enterobacteriaceae count, (<5 ±1.0x10cfu/g) and Yeasts and Moulds (<5±1.0 cfu/g) respectively in all samples of infant formula of milk powders. Total Viable Counts group A, B and C having non significant difference. Even incase of thermoduric thermophilic spores, enterobacteriaceae, yeast and moulds were non significant recorded. The obtained averaged results compared to Indian Standard Institution (ISI) values. In Group A total viable counts were (12.18 folds), Group B (14.70 folds) and in Group C (15.15folds) lower than the ISI standard. thermoduric counts averaged compared with ISI standards and results were found lower in Group A (12.5 folds), Group B (16.0 folds) and Group C (14.2 folds) as compared to Indian Standards Institution, thermophilic spores in Group A (7.14 folds), Group B (6.6 folds) and Group C (6.25 folds) as compared to ISI. Enterobacteriaceae were lower than ISI standards (33 folds) in Group A, (33 folds) Group B and (25 folds) in Group C. Yeast and Moulds were lower than the ISI standards Group A (33 folds), Group B (33 folds) and in Group C (25 folds). Although Total Viable Count were within the range of standard of specification of (ISI) and the counts of thermophilic Spores, enterobacteriaceae counts and yeast and moulds also indicates the hygienic condition of Infant formula milk powders without risk level for human health.
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