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Articles by M. Nadeem
Total Records ( 2 ) for M. Nadeem
  B. Shaheen , M. Nadeem , T. Kauser , G. Mueen-ud-Din and S. Mahmood
  Fruit bars are the products which are manufactured with cereal grains and the other ingredients such as whole-grain cereals, flaked grains, fruit and legumes. In the present study nutritious fruit bars were prepared using date paste, cereal grains like, wheat, rice, flakes of corn, oat and barley, roasted grams, peanuts, almonds, pistachio nut, coconut powder and skim milk powder. Fruit bars were evaluated for their physico-chemical, microbial and sensory properties. Results showed that fruit bars containing dry mix fruits showed maximum protein (13.63%) and ash (3.93%) content while the maximum fiber content (8.07%) was found in fruit bars containing coconut powder. The maximum gross energy (386.96Kcal) was given by peanut based fruit bar. The microbial analysis of all the bars showed results within acceptable limits due to low water activity and high sugar content which posed no threats for microbiological growth. The study verified that date and dried fruits can be used to prepare date based fiber enriched fruit bars of good sensory and nutritional value which provide substantial amount of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, dietary fiber and minerals.
  Sumeria Nazir , Adnan Younis , Atif Riaz , Ahsan Akram , Nasir Ahmad Khan , Usman Tariq , M. Nadeem , M. Kaleem Naseem and Muhammad Ahsan
  Background and Objective: Ravenea palm (Ravenea rivularis) is the most popular grown interior potted plant. Present study was carried out to assess the effect of different potting substrates in various compositions on growth and development of Ravenea plants. Materials and Methods: In total, ten treatment combinations were used to compare with control treatment (garden soil) and treatment was consisted of 16 plants with four replications. Various potting substrates: Garden soil, silt, farmyard manure, peat moss, leaf compost and coconut compost in various combinations were added. The experiment was carried out in Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The collected data for plant growth and development were subjected to Duncan’s Multiple Range (DMR) test whereas for chemical and physical characteristics of potting substrate and means was compared. Results: The results depicted that the T10 that is the combination of farmyard manure, silt, coconut compost, peat moss and leaf compost (1:1:1:1:1) exhibited best results for the growth and production of potted Ravenea plants. The treatment T10 substrate is considered excellent due to its density, saturation percentage, structure, texture, consistency and Organic Matter (OM) as well as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium concentration. Conclusion: It can be concluded that to get quality pot production a mixture of substrates proved to be best as it delivers a combination of properties and nutrients. The new potting mix will provide a stable, organic, sustainable, environmental friendly and cost effective alternatives to nurserymen.
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