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Articles by Z.M. Lukman
Total Records ( 10 ) for Z.M. Lukman
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Azrina Azlan , Jamaluddin Md. Jahi , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Azahan Awang and Z.M. Lukman
  Consumers take part in essential role in contributing to the development of the country’s economy which include urban region as the result there are many conferences, symposiums and seminars which have been organised for the purpose to enhance the awareness on their rights. Therefore, this study will discuss on how the Malaysian statutory implied terms in the sale of goods law provide protection to consumer protection on food and environmental safety focusing on urban sustainability. The core reference of this study is based on Malaysian Sale of Goods Act, 1957.
  Hasnah Ali , Nur Hashima Abdul Rashid , Z.M. Lukman and Azahan Awang
  The increase in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is associated with the growth of the country’s economy and that basic needs such as health and education would develop as a by-product of growth in GDP. However, development experts acknowledge that high levels of per capita GDP and industrialization are neither necessary nor sufficient for meeting basic needs. Attempts have been made to device indices that reflect the extent to which basic needs are satisfied. One of the best known of these indicators is the Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI). This study attempts to measure the PQLI between the states in Malaysia. Results show that the more developed states with high GDP also experienced high PQLI but nevertheless although, some states experienced high GDP, the PQLI are low and vice versa.
  Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Shaharuddin Ahmad , Z.M. Lukman , Azahan Awang , Azmi Aziz , Muhammad Rizal Razman and Samsu Adabi Mamat
  The management have to make sure the safety of the university’s residential colleges at the highest level. Health and safety audit should be done frequently in order to reduce risks to staffs and residents in college. The implementation of health and safety audit in college also has to take into consideration the programme aspects like seminar, campaign and training. This will ensure the safety programme in college to be more effective and comprehensive. Lastly, the safety audit can be used as a monitoring tool as well as reducing the accidents cases in the workplace.
  Z.M. Lukman
  Problem statement: One of the significant groups of young women in prostitution is the runaways, children under 18 years of age who leave home without the permission of their parents or legal guardians. In this case, runaways also include ‘throwaways’, young people who are forced to leave home or who are not actively sought after when they do leave home. Even though both groups of children are terminologically different, they are in similar situation. Both are not living with their parents or legal guardians. Approach: This research used children-centered approach considering the sensitivity of the nature of child prostitution and the fact that it is a small scale research. A total of 63 sexually exploited young women who were residents in two rehabilitation centers participated in this research. Both centers were located in Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia). In this research, both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. Results: The incidence of running away from home among the young women interviewed was excessive. Of the 63 respondents, 84.1% admitted running away from home at least once. The majority of these young women ran away from home because they felt depressed with their family situations, were influenced by friends or boyfriends, or they were having problems with their mothers/stepmothers. When asked about problems at home, 81% confessed that they had problems at home. There were four major problems frequently cited by the young women: Parental lack of love and attention (emotional neglect), family members always fighting, parental lack of responsibility or physical neglect and parental substance abuse and/or gambling. All the young women agreed that the problems faced at home had had significant impacts on their life. Conclusion: Neglect, abuse and violence at home appeared to be contributing factors towards children running away from home thus leading them into prostitution.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Azrina Azlan , Jamaluddin Md Jahi , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Zahan Awang and Z.M. Lukman
  Agenda 21 based on parts 19.1 and 19.11 highlighted that there are thousands of chemical substances in the world market, a lot of which emerge as poison and toxin in business goods, food and the variety of environmental medium especially in urban area. This has shown that chemical substances bestow awful impact to the environment which includes urban area. Therefore, this study will classify the relevant Malaysian laws on environmental management that managed chemical substances particularly in urban area in order to achieve urban sustainability. This study also has become aware of that there is no specific law in Malaysia that governed the environmental management on chemical substances. However, there are several laws that regulate the environmental management of chemical substances in different area such as the Environmental Quality Act 1974. The Environmental Quality Act, 1974 is related to the control of chemical substances in air and hazardous wastes whilst the Food Act, 1983 controlling chemical substances in the products and goods in the food industry. As for the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 1994 is on regards chemical substances in the occupational environment and meanwhile the Pesticides Act, 1974 to control chemical substances in pesticides. Meanwhile the management of these laws is not the responsible of a single government ministry. Different government ministries may enforce the laws relevant to the operation of that ministry. Hence, the Environmental Quality Act, 1974 is the responsible of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 1994 is by the Ministry of Human Resources whilst the Food Act, 1983 is by the Ministry of Health and as for the Pesticides Act, 1974 under the supervision and administration of the Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. Finally this study has concluded that Malaysia has a sufficient laws in which may adequately control chemical substances in various life cycles as to comply with international law particularly in urban area in order to achieve urban sustainability.
  W.S. Wan Shahrazad , Z.M. Lukman , A.R. Roseliza Murni , Z. Arifin , A.Z. Zainah , I. Fauziah and G. Siti Fatihah
  Readiness to change is a crucial issue in the treatment of drug addiction. Therefore, understanding the personality traits of drug addicts may give an indication of their readiness to receive treatment and change this addictive behavior. This study was conducted to examine the predictive relationship between personality traits and readiness to change among drug addicts in Malaysia. The study employed survey research involving the administration of two standardized psychological tests which were the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised Short Version (EPQ-RS) and the Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES). A total of 599 respondents in six rehabilitation centers in Malaysia participated in this study. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple regressions. Results showed that there were significant correlations between personality traits of neuroticism and psychoticism with all the three stages of readiness to change. Findings from multiple regression analysis indicated that neuroticism and psychoticism predicted significantly Recognition, Ambivalence and Taking Steps. The findings indicated that personality traits were significant predictors of readiness to change among drug addicts in Malaysia.
  Z.M. Lukman
  The current study is aim to investigate the link between childhood abuse and the involvement of children in prostitution. Two methods of data collection were used in this study; that is semi-structured interview and narrative interview. Altogether, 63 young women safeguarded from prostitution in two rehabilitation centres participated in this study as respondents. The findings suggest that the vast majority of prostituted young women in this sample are being emotionally and physically abused and half of them are being sexually abused during childhood before they were drawn into prostitution. Around 67% of respondents were found to have suffered from multiple abuse types. Furthermore, the majority of respondents (78.8%) did suffer from multiple negative feelings like feel hurt and angry, depressed, disowned by the family, dirty, useless and wanting revenge.
  I. Fauziah , Z. Arifin , W.S. Wan Shahrazad , Z.M. Lukman , A.R. Roseliza Murni , A.Z. Zainah and G. Siti Fatihah
  Motivational readiness to change is a key strength and success of drug addicts to remain drug free and prevent relapse. This study is provided to measure the motivational readiness to change among rehabilitees of national drug rehabilitation center (PUSPEN) in Malaysia. The rehabilitees’ motivation and stages of readiness to change was measured by the Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES). A total of 593 rehabilitees from 6 drug rehabilitation centers in Peninsular Malaysia were chosen using stratified random sampling. Data were analyzed using descriptive analyses. Results showed majority of respondents indicated high readiness which was demonstrated in the dimensions of recognition and taking steps to change and recover from drug addiction. On the other hand, results also demonstrated that majority of drug addicts were still feeling ambivalent and unsure whether they can control the problems associated with drug addiction. Results gave a positive indication to the Malaysian government in particular in seeking methods to rehabilitate drug addicts to remain free from the influence of drugs as majority of them showed high motivational and readiness to change. Likewise, ex-addicts should also be given moral and social support to ensure they maintain continuous recovery, live free from drugs and prevent future relapse.
  Shaharuddin Ahmad , Khaidzir Ismail , Jumali Selamat , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Azahan Awang , Mohd Fuad Mat. Jali , Z.M. Lukman and A. Khairul
  One of the important soft skills that have always been stressed by the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education for the university students to acquire during their university’s life is entrepreneurship skill. This soft skill should be an added value to students’ academic qualification once they leave university to face the real world. However, there are many factors that can be obstacles to students to acquire this soft skill such as shyness, social environment, academic stress, etc. It is therefore, this study attempts to examine to what extent factors such as shyness, social, artistic and self-esteem have influence on students’ involvement in entrepreneurship. There were 2,284 1st year students of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) have been chosen as respondents and each of them was provided with a set of questionnaire consisting of seven domains to be answered. SPSS program was used to process the data and then by the path model was employed to analyze the data. The path coefficients were computed by using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results showed that the most influential factor on students’ entrepreneurial activities was social behavior with the path coefficient of 0.35. Even though, shyness has a small negative path coefficient, i.e., -0.08, it agreed with the assumption that by reducing this students’ personality trait, it will increases the involvement of them in entrepreneurial activities. Based on the residuals (e) of the regressions and other statistical tests, it is confirmed that other unexplained variables should be considered in an attempt to find the most influential factors on students’ involvement in entrepreneurial activities.
  Jumali Selamat , Khaidzir Ismail , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Z.M. Lukman , Kadir Arifin , Roslee Rajikan , Azahan Awang , Mohd. Helmi Abd Rahim and Norfadillah Derahim
  Co-curricular or extra-curricular activities are an integral part of knowledge in supporting students’ generic skills development in order to become quality human capital. In general, the co-curricular activities in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Malaysia are of similar fields. However, the institutions have their own way to assess and evaluate the students’ involvements in these activities. In relation to this, as of 2010/2011 academic session, the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) has implemented a more flexible approach whereby student are given more freedom at choosing, creating and carrying out the activities based on a learning contract which are drawn out and agreed upon by the students and supervisors prior to the implementation of the said activities. A survey was conducted in order to determine the level of knowledge and understanding among students in relation to the learning contract and their readiness to use the learning contract in their next co-curricular activities. A set of questionnaire was developed and used as a research tool for that purposes. A total of 51 respondents were selected from Training for Trainers (TOT) workshop to participate in this survey. The study found that the level of understanding (mean = 4.06-4.16) and acceptance (mean = 4.02-4.46) on co-curricular activities learning contract among students are excellent. It was also reported that 86% of the students have clear knowledge about the learning contract and its implementation for co-curricular activities. The majority of students stated that they had achieved all the learning contract principles (mean = 3.92-4.25) and learning outcomes (mean = 4.00-4.18) required. In general, this research showed positive results on the implementation of learning contract in co-curricular activities in the UKM. The new approach to implementing and assessing co-curricular activities has already been accepted by most UKM students. Nevertheless, in order to achieve the optimum results, continuous steps should be taken by the respective parties to ensure that the students are well informed about the status of the learning contract.
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